At the time of the mobilization in August 1914 there were the following active naval infantry units:
•I. See-Bataillon with 4 companies based in Kiel
•II. See-Bataillon with 4 companies based in Wilhelmshaven
•III. Stamm-See-Bataillon with 2 companies based in Cuxhaven
•III. See-Bataillon with 5 companies based in Tsingtau, China
•Ostasiatisches Marine-Detachment in Tientsin (Tianjin) and Peking (Beijing)
•Marine-Infanterie-Detachment in Skutari (Shkodër).
The III. See-Bataillon and the Ostasiatisches Marine-Detachment were basically stranded. They fell to the Japanese in November 1914. The Skutari-Detachment made its way back to Germany through Austria-Hungary in August 1914.
When the reservists were called up, but couldn't be deployed overseas to their units, I. and II. See-Bataillon and III. Stamm-See-Bataillon were overstrength, and were reorganized into eight battalions. 1. Marine-Infanterie-Regiment was formed in Kiel from the original I. See-Bataillon and the V. and VIII. See-Bataillonen. 2. Marine-Infanterie-Regiment was formed in Wilhelmshavenfrom the original II. See-Bataillon and the IV. and VI. See-Bataillonen. VII. See-Bataillonen, formed by the III. Stamm-See-Bataillon in Cuxhaven, was originally also part of 2. Marine-Infanterie-Regiment, but its companies were soon divided up between the 1. and 2. Matrosen-Artillerie-Regimenter.
3. Marine-Infanterie-Regiment was formed in Flanders at the end of 1914 from VII. See-Battalion (formed again by the III. Stamm-See-Bataillon), the X. See-Bataillon, based on the Skutari-Detachment and complemented with additional reservists, and the IX. See-Bataillon (formed from more reservists). The XI. See-Bataillon was formed in Wilhelmshaven for local security duties, and the XII. See-Bataillon was formed in Wilhelmshaven but divided up among the 1. and 2. Marine-Infanterie-Regimenter
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02 Seebataillon Tschakos Überzüge Musiker
03 Imperial German East Asien Occupation Brigade, first infantry regiment
04 III. Seebatallion based at Tsingtau / The See Batallion III was officially named so by AKO on 13 June 1898
05 III. Seebatallion based at Tsingtau . The See Batallion III was officially named so by AKO on 13 June 1898.
06 . Seebatallion based at Tsingtau. The See Batallion III was officially named so by AKO on 13 June 1898.
07 III. Seebatallion based at Tsingtau. The See Batallion III was officially named so by AKO on 13 June 1898.
08 Kaiser maneuver in Holstein 1901
09 Gunther Plüschow, as a cadet, as a Fähnrich zur See
In 1905, Gunther Plüschow now a marine in the Imperial German Army, made his first cruise aboard the ship Luitpolt Prince and then the S-87 where he stood out in both duty assignments. His buried daring and restless spirit drove him to enter the Rumpler Aviation School. Upon graduation, he was posted to Tsingtao, China, (at that time a German Possession on a 99-year lease similar to Hong Kong) as a Marine Reconnaissance Aviator.
Tsingtao came under siege shortly after the outbreak of World War I in August, 1914. Heavily outmanned 13 to 1 and outgunned, Gunther flew reconnaissance missions in his Etrich Rumpler Taube around Tsingtao. As the war escalated, Japan's militarism was awakened and sent forces to join the British against the Germans. Plüschow, now a Lieutenant, flew his aircraft against 9 Japanese Army and Naval aircraft and was unofficially credited with shooting down a Maurice Farman aircraft (an aviation first). He was given the name Dragon Master due to the dragon tattoo found on his left arm.
As conditions deteriorated during November, 1914, Plüschow was ordered to escape in what was to become a nine month odyssey. After escaping, he was interned by the Chinese and escaped while making his way through Peking to Shanghai (see comments below). Gunther caught a ship to San Francisco, made it overland across the United States, boarded another vessel to cross the North Atlantic where he was captured and again interned, this time by the British in Gibraltar. Plüschow once again miraculously escaped and became a stowaway to London. He made his way across the English Channel to Holland and then by train back to his homeland, Germany, in 1915. Gunther was almost arrested again upon his arrival, this time as a spy. Once the story of his perilous journey home became known, he was recognized as a hero by his people. Gunther was the only person to successfully escape from besieged Tsingtao.
10 Unidentified Marine during Christmas 1914.
11 Second see battalion – Marines
12 See Battalion number two
13 A Marine Officer named Herman. Either first or second Sea Battalion.
14 III. Seebatallion based at Tsingtau. The See Batallion III was officially named so by AKO on 13 June 1898.
15 Seebataillon in Bruges (Brugge). "3" on his tschako - Regiment number 3.
16 Franz Georg von Glasenapp (1857-1914) in DSW – German South West Africa – in wonderful colonial uniform with medals & sword, postal unused, published by famous German navy photographer Drüppel in Wilhelmshaven after WW1 with the number KM: 3896 (Kaiserliche Marine)
Franz Georg von Glasenapp (1857-1914) was first commissioned into the 9th Infantry Regiment in 1874. He also served in the 8. East Prussian infantry regiment No. 45, Magdeburgi infantry regiment No. 26, and commanded a battalion in infantry regiment No. 66. He was an Instrukteur in Chinese services between 1885 and 1887. He later served in the Boxer Rebellion against the Chinese and went on to command the II. Seebatallion in 1902. Major Franz Georg von Glasenapp, leader of the II. Seebataillon, was assigned command of the Marine-Expeditionskorps when the Herero War broke out in January 1904, in South West Africa where he was wounded in action. In 1905 he was commander of the 1. Sea-battalion and was by 1908 inspector of the naval infantry.
From 1908 until August 1914 he was the overall commander of the Schutztruppe based at the Colonial Office in Berlin attaining the rank of Major General in 1911. He retired in 1914 as lieutenant general z.D. Reactivated he was KIA early in WW1. LTG Franz Georg von GLASENAPP, 1857-1914, Brig Landwehr 25 co, Kia 1914-8. 6
17 Описание - ни о чём... Но , это - морпехи...
18 II. See-Bataillon with 4 companies based in Wilhelmshaven
19 III. Seebatallion based at Tsingtau. The See Batallion III was officially named so by AKO on 13 June 1898. S.B.III was the only all-German unit with permanent status in a protectorate.
20 I . See-Bataillon
21 I . See-Bataillon
22 III. Seebatallion based at Tsingtau. The See Batallion III was officially named so by AKO on 13 June 1898.
23 II. See-Bataillon with 4 companies based in Wilhelmshaven
24 Marine Feld Batterie
25 Prussian Seebataillon Marine before 1871.
26 Otto Iher Einj(ährig-) Freiw(illiger) Unter(o)ff(i)z(ier) 4./Kaiserl(iches) II. Seebataillon W(ilhelms)haven 1905/06
27 2nd Seebataillon Marine
28 И , ещё ... Описание - непонятное : ( Marine OYV ) ... Что это ? Кто это ?